Human Rights Online propagates human Rights to have nationality,human rights to have home, human rights to have a family and human rights to have information

  African Banjul Charter- Banjul Charter Right.
African Banjul Charter, Banjul Charter Right, Banjul charter article , human rights, Banjul charter, African Banjul, peoples rights etc

 

 

 What is AFRICAN (BANJUL) CHARTER ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES' RIGHTS and its articles?

  Online Human Rights For African Online Human Rights Law:   Home

African  Banjul Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights / Banjul Charter is  Human Constitutional Document for African.

Declaration of Human rights , 1948 , give the guiding human rights , which are  accepted in principle to become member state of UN human rights.  Thereafter , separately accepted International treaties and conventions  by Individual state under its constitution  are required, make it legally binding instruments  under international law.

So ,Declaration of Human rights is guiding  International human rights instruments , where as Regional or state human rights instruments framed by individual state and/ or Continents are legal instrument. for judicial system in respective region. We have important  regional human rights instruments accepted by respective Continent member state and that form binding human rights law to party states consist: African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, the American Convention on Human Rights . and the European Convention on Human Rights.

So African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights known as Banjul Charter is important legal instrument for humans Of Africa . This AFRICAN (BANJUL) CHARTER ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES' RIGHTS. is Adopted on 27 June 1981

African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights ... entered into force October 21, 1986 ...

All member state of  Africa Continent acceded to the African Charter on 9 July 1996.
The African Charter on Human and Peoples` Rights reaffirms adherence ... application of the Charter, this Protocol and any other relevant Human Rights


 What is  AFRICAN (BANJUL) CHARTER ARTICLES ON HUMAN AND PEOPLES' RIGHTS ?

 African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights known as Banjul  Article 1 to 26 give Human and Peoples' Rights  for African member state called chapter 1:-

 
Articles 1 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa
The Member States of the Organization of African Unity parties to the present Charter shall recognize the rights, duties and freedoms enshrined in this Chapter and shall undertake to adopt legislative or other measures to give effect to them.

 Articles 2 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa
Every individual shall be entitled to the enjoyment of the rights and freedoms recognized and guaranteed in the present Charter without distinction of any kind such as race, ethnic group, color, sex, language, religion, political or any other opinion, national and social origin, fortune, birth or other status.

 Articles 3 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa
1. Every individual shall be equal before the law.
2. Every individual shall be entitled to equal protection of the law.

Articles 4African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa
Human beings are inviolable. Every human being shall be entitled to respect for his life and the integrity of his person. No one may be arbitrarily deprived of this right.

Articles 5 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa
Every individual shall have the right to the respect of the dignity inherent in a human being and to the recognition of his legal status. All forms of exploitation and degradation of man particularly slavery, slave trade, torture, cruel, inhuman or degrading punishment and treatment shall be prohibited.

Articles 6 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa
Every individual shall have the right to liberty and to the security of his person. No one may be deprived of his freedom except for reasons and conditions previously laid down by law. In particular, no one may be arbitrarily arrested or detained.

Articles 7 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa
1. Every individual shall have the right to have his cause heard. This comprises:
(a) the right to an appeal to competent national organs against acts of violating his fundamental rights as recognized and guaranteed by conventions, laws, regulations and customs in force;
(b) the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty by a competent court or tribunal;
(c) the right to defence, including the right to be defended by counsel of his choice;
(d) the right to be tried within a reasonable time by an impartial court or tribunal.
2. No one may be condemned for an act or omission which did not constitute a legally punishable offence at the time it was committed. No penalty may be inflicted for an offence for which no provision was made at the time it was committed. Punishment is personal and can be imposed only on the offender.

Articles 8 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa
Freedom of conscience, the profession and free practice of religion shall be guaranteed. No one may, subject to law and order, be submitted to measures restricting the exercise of these freedoms.

Articles 9African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa
1. Every individual shall have the right to receive information.
2. Every individual shall have the right to express and disseminate his opinions within the law.

Articles 10 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa
1. Every individual shall have the right to free association provided that he abides by the law.
2. Subject to the obligation of solidarity provided for in 29 no one may be compelled to join an association.

Articles 11 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa
Every individual shall have the right to assemble freely with others. The exercise of this right shall be subject only to necessary restrictions provided for by law in particular those enacted in the interest of national security, the safety, health, ethics and rights and freedoms of others.

Articles 12 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa
1. Every individual shall have the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of a State provided he abides by the law.
2. Every individual shall have the right to leave any country including his own, and to return to his country. This right may only be subject to restrictions, provided for by law for the protection of national security, law and order, public health or morality.
3. Every individual shall have the right, when persecuted, to seek and obtain asylum in other countries in accordance with laws of those countries and international conventions.
4. A non-national legally admitted in a territory of a State Party to the present Charter, may only be expelled from it by virtue of a decision taken in accordance with the law.
5. The mass expulsion of non-nationals shall be prohibited. Mass expulsion shall be that which is aimed at national, racial, ethnic or religious groups.

Articles 13 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa
1. Every citizen shall have the right to participate freely in the government of his country, either directly or through freely chosen representatives in accordance with the provisions of the law.
2. Every citizen shall have the right of equal access to the public service of his country.
3. Every individual shall have the right of access to public property and services in strict equality of all persons before the law.
Articles 14 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa
The right to property shall be guaranteed. It may only be encroached upon in the interest of public need or in the general interest of the community and in accordance with the provisions of appropriate laws.

Articles 15 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa
Every individual shall have the right to work under equitable and satisfactory conditions, and shall receive equal pay for equal work

Articles 16 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa

1. Every individual shall have the right to enjoy the best attainable state of physical and mental health.

2. States parties to the present Charter shall take the necessary measures to protect the health of their people and to ensure that they receive medical attention when they are sick.


Articles 17 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa

1. Every individual shall have the right to education.

2. Every individual may freely, take part in the cultural life of his community.

3. The promotion and protection of morals and traditional values recognized by the community shall be the duty of the State.


Articles 18 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa

1. The family shall be the natural unit and basis of society. It shall be protected by the State which shall take care of its physical health and moral.

2. The State shall have the duty to assist the family which is the custodian or morals and traditional values recognized by the community.

3. The State shall ensure the elimination of every discrimination against women and also ensure the protection of the rights of the woman and the child as stipulated in international declarations and conventions.

4. The aged and the disabled shall also have the right to special measures of protection in keeping with their physical or moral needs.

Articles 19 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa

All peoples shall be equal; they shall enjoy the same respect and shall have the same rights. Nothing shall justify the domination of a people by another.

Articles 20 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa

1. All peoples shall have the right to existence. They shall have the unquestionable and inalienable right to self- determination. They shall freely determine their political status and shall pursue their economic and social development according to the policy they have freely chosen.

2. Colonized or oppressed peoples shall have the right to free themselves from the bonds of domination by resorting to any means recognized by the international community.

3. All peoples shall have the right to the assistance of the States parties to the present Charter in their liberation struggle against foreign domination, be it political, economic or cultural.

Articles 21 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa

1. All peoples shall freely dispose of their wealth and natural resources. This right shall be exercised in the exclusive interest of the people. In no case shall a people be deprived of it.

2. In case of spoliation the dispossessed people shall have the right to the lawful recovery of its property as well as to an adequate compensation.

3. The free disposal of wealth and natural resources shall be exercised without prejudice to the obligation of promoting international economic cooperation based on mutual respect, equitable exchange and the principles of international law.

4. States parties to the present Charter shall individually and collectively exercise the right to free disposal of their wealth and natural resources with a view to strengthening African unity and solidarity.

5. States parties to the present Charter shall undertake to eliminate all forms of foreign economic exploitation particularly that practiced by international monopolies so as to enable their peoples to fully benefit from the advantages derived from their national resources.

Articles 22 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa

1. All peoples shall have the right to their economic, social and cult ural development with due regard to their freedom and identity and in the equal enjoyment of the common heritage of mankind.

2. States shall have the duty, individually or collectively, to ensure the exercise of the right to development.

Articles 23 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa

1. All peoples shall have the right to national and international peace and security. The principles of solidarity and friendly relations implicitly affirmed by the Charter of the United Nations and reaffirmed by that of the Organization of African Unity shall govern relations between States.

2. For the purpose of strengthening peace, solidarity and friendly relations, States parties to the present Charter shall ensure that:

(a) any individual enjoying the right of asylum under 12 of the present Charter shall not engage in subversive activities against his country of origin or any other State party to the present Charter;

(b) their territories shall not be used as bases for subversive or terrorist activities against the people of any other State party to the present Charter.

Articles 24 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa

All peoples shall have the right to a general satisfactory environment favorable to their development.

Articles 25 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa

States parties to the present Charter shall have the duty to promote and ensure through teaching, education and publication, the respect of the rights and freedoms contained in the present Charter and to see to it that these freedoms and rights as well as corresponding obligations and duties are understood.

Articles 26 African (Banjul) Charter right to provide information on human rights for the peoples of Africa

States parties to the present Charter shall have the duty to guarantee the independence of the Courts and shall allow the establishment and improvement of appropriate national institutions entrusted with the promotion and protection of the rights and freedoms guaranteed by the present Charter

Chapter II - Duties

African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights known as Banjul  Article 27 to 41 give duties of Human and Peoples' Rights  of African member state called chapter 2:-


African (Banjul) Charter Article 27  and human rights.

1. Every individual shall have duties towards his family and society, the State and other legally recognized communities and the international community.

2. The rights and freedoms of each individual shall be exercised with due regard to the rights of others, collective security, morality and common interest.

African (Banjul) Charter Article 28 and human rights.

Every individual shall have the duty to respect and consider his fellow beings without discrimination, and to maintain relations aimed at promoting, safeguarding and reinforcing mutual respect and tolerance.

African (Banjul) Charter Article 29 and human rights.

The individual shall also have the duty:

1. to preserve the harmonious development of the family and to work for the cohesion and respect of the family; to respect his parents at all times, to maintain them in case of need;
2. To serve his national community by placing his physical and intellectual abilities at its service;
3. Not to compromise the security of the State whose national or resident he is;
4. To preserve and strengthen social and national solidarity, particularly when the latter is threatened;
5. To preserve and strengthen the national independence and the territorial integrity of his country and to contribute to its defence in accordance with the law;
6. To work to the best of his abilities and competence, and to pay taxes imposed by law in the interest of the society;
7. to preserve and strengthen positive African cultural values in his relations with other members of the society, in the spirit of tolerance, dialogue and consultation and, in general, to contribute to the promotion of the moral well being of society;
8. To contribute to the best of his abilities, at all times and at all levels, to the promotion and achievement of African unity.
Part II: Measures of Safeguard
Chapter I - Establishment and Organization of the African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights

African (Banjul) Charter Article 30 and human rights.

An African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, hereinafter called "the Commission", shall be established within the Organization of African Unity to promote human and peoples' rights and ensure their protection in Africa.

African (Banjul) Charter Article 31 and human rights.

1. The Commission shall consist of eleven members chosen from amongst African personalities of the highest reputation, known for their high morality, integrity, impartiality and competence in matters of human and peoples' rights; particular consideration being given to persons having legal experience.
2. The members of the Commission shall serve in their personal capacity. . . .

African (Banjul) Charter Article 41 and human rights.

The Secretary General of the Organization of African Unity shall appoint the Secretary of the Commission. He shall also provide the staff and services necessary for the effective discharge of the duties of the Commission. The Organization of African Unity shall bear the costs of the staff and services. . . .


African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights known as Banjul  Article 45 onwards  give Mandate of the Commission   called chapter 3:-
African (Banjul) Charter Article 45 and human rights.

The functions of the Commission shall be:

1. To promote Human and Peoples' Rights and in particular:

(a) to collect documents, undertake studies and researches on African problems in the field of human and peoples' rights, organize seminars, symposia and conferences, disseminate information, encourage national and local institutions concerned with human and peoples' rights, and should the case arise, give its views or make recommendations to Governments.

(b) to formulate and lay down, principles and rules aimed at solving legal problems relating to human and peoples' rights and fundamental freedoms upon which African Governments may base their legislations.

(c) co-operate with other African and international institutions concerned with the promotion and protection of human and peoples' rights.

2. Ensure the protection of human and peoples' rights under conditions laid down by the present Charter.

3. Interpret all the provisions of the present Charter at the request of a State party, an institution of the OAU or an African Organization recognized by the OAU.

4. Perform any other tasks which may be entrusted to it by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government
Chapter III - Procedure of Commission
African (Banjul) Charter Article 46 and human rights.

The Commission may resort to any appropriate method of investigation; it may hear from the Secretary General of the Organization of African Unity or any other person capable of enlightening it.

Communication From States

African (Banjul) Charter Article 47 and human rights.

If a State party to the present Charter has good reasons to believe that another State party to this Charter has violated the provisions of the Charter, it may draw, by written communication, the attention of that State to the matter. This communication shall also be addressed to the Secretary General of the OAU and to the Chairman of the Commission. Within three months of the receipt of the communication, the State to which the communication is addressed shall give the enquiring State, written explanation or statement elucidating the matter. This should include as much as possible relevant information relating to the laws and rules of procedure applied and applicable, and the redress already given or course of action available.

African (Banjul) Charter Article 48 and human rights.

If within three months from the date on which the original communication is received by the State to which it is addressed, the issue is not settled to the satisfaction of the two States involved through bilateral negotiation or by any other peaceful procedure, either State shall have the right to submit the matter to the Commission through the Chairman and shall notify the other States involved.

African (Banjul) Charter Article 49 and human rights.

Notwithstanding the provisions of 47, if a State party to the present Charter considers that another State party has violated the provisions of the Charter, it may refer the matter directly to the Commission by addressing a communication to the Chairman, to the Secretary General of the Organization of African Unity and the State concerned.

African (Banjul) Charter Article 50 and human rights.

The Commission can only deal with a matter submitted to it after making sure that all local remedies, if they exist, have been exhausted, unless it is obvious to the Commission that the procedure of achieving these remedies would be unduly prolonged.

African (Banjul) Charter Article 51 and human rights.

1. The Commission may ask the States concerned to provide it with all relevant information.
2. When the Commission is considering the matter, States concerned may be represented before it and submit written or oral representation.

African (Banjul) Charter Article 52 and human rights.

After having obtained from the States concerned and from other sources all the information it deems necessary and after having tried all appropriate means to reach an amicable solution based on the respect of Human and Peoples' Rights, the Commission shall prepare, within a reasonable period of time from the notification referred to in 48, a report stating the facts and its findings. This report shall be sent to the States concerned and communicated to the Assembly of Heads of State and Government.

African (Banjul) Charter Article 53 and human rights.

While transmitting its report, the Commission may make to the Assembly of Heads of State and Government such recommendations as it deems useful.

African (Banjul) Charter Article 54 and human rights.

The Commission shall submit to each ordinary Session of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government a report on its activities.

Other Communications

African (Banjul) Charter Article 55 and human rights.

1. Before each Session, the Secretary of the Commission shall make a list of the communications other than those of States parties to the present Charter and transmit them to the members of the Commission, who shall indicate which communications should be considered by the Commission.
2. A communication shall be considered by the Commission if a simple majority of its members so decide.

African (Banjul) Charter Article 56 and human rights.

Communications relating to human and peoples' rights referred to in 55 received by the Commission, shall be considered if they:

1. Indicate their authors even if the latter request anonymity,
2. Are compatible with the Charter of the Organization of African Unity or with the present Charter,
3. Are not written in disparaging or insulting language directed against the State concerned and its institutions or to the Organization of African Unity,
4. Are not based exclusively on news discriminated through the mass media,
5. Are sent after exhausting local remedies, if any, unless it is obvious that this procedure is unduly prolonged,
6. Are submitted within a reasonable period from the time local remedies are exhausted or from the date the Commission is seized of the matter, and
7. Do not deal with cases which have been settled by these States involved in accordance with the principles of the Charter of the United Nations, or the Charter of the Organization of African Unity or the provisions of the present Charter.

African (Banjul) Charter Article 57 and human rights.

Prior to any substantive consideration, all communications shall be brought to the knowledge of the State concerned by the Chairman of the Commission.

African (Banjul) Charter Article 58 and human rights.

1. When it appears after deliberations of the Commission that one or more communications apparently relate to special cases which reveal the existence of a series of serious or massive violations of human and peoples' rights, the Commission shall draw the attention of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government to these special cases.
2. The Assembly of Heads of State and Government may then request the Commission to undertake an in-depth study of these cases and make a factual report, accompanied by its findings and recommendations.
3. A case of emergency duly noticed by the Commission shall be submitted by the latter to the Chairman of the Assembly of Heads of State and Government who may request an in-depth study.

African (Banjul) Charter Article 59 and human rights.

1. All measures taken within the provisions of the present Chapter shall remain confidential until such a time as the Assembly of Heads of State and Government shall otherwise decide. . . .
3. The report on the activities of the Commission shall be published by its Chairman after it has been considered by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government.


African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights known as Banjul  Article 60 onwards  give Applicable Principles  called chapter 4:-
African (Banjul) Charter Article 60 and human rights.

The Commission shall draw inspiration from international law on human and peoples' rights, particularly from the provisions of various African instruments on human and peoples' rights, the Charter of the United Nations, the Charter of the Organization of African Unity, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, other instruments adopted by the United Nations and by African countries in the field of human and peoples' rights as well as from the provisions of various instruments adopted within the Specialized Agencies of the United Nations of which the parties to the present Charter are members.

African (Banjul) Charter Article 61 and human rights.

The Commission shall also take into consideration, as subsidiary measures to determine the principles of law, other general or special international conventions, laying down rules expressly recognized by member states of the Organization of African Unity, African practices consistent with international norms on human and people's rights, customs generally accepted as law, general principles of law recognized by African states as well as legal precedents and doctrine.

African (Banjul) Charter Article 62 and human rights.

Each state party shall undertake to submit every two years, from the date the present Charter comes into force, a report on the legislative or other measures taken with a view to giving effect to the rights and freedoms recognized and guaranteed by the present Charter. . . .
African Banjul Charter- Banjul Charter Right
African Banjul Charter, Banjul Charter Right, Banjul charter article , human rights, Banjul charter, African Banjul, peoples rights etc
 


Sponsored links                                    Copyright -2009 Human Rights Online