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 European court of Human Rights.       Human Rights Law:   Home
European Court of Human Rights is established under European Convention on Human Rights

 

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European court of Human Rights.
European Court of Human Rights is established under European Convention on Human Rights

 
Brief background and history of the European Court of Human Rights

The European system   for the protection of human rights  was established by the Council  of Europe in 1949.the council  of Europe is  distinct from the European union.

This system of protection of human rights by European Convention on Human Rights was signed  in 1950 and become law since September 3, 1953. by now ,All 47 member states of the Council of Europe are parties to the European Convention on Human Rights. European Convention on Human Rights is now called Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms.

The European Commission of Human Rights was created in 1954 and the European Court of Human Rights has  been created in 1959. In 1990, the manner in which European Commission of Human Rights deals with petitions amended and so the court of procedure of European Commission of Human Rights. By now, the European Court of human rights was instituted as a permanent entity with full-time judges on 1 November 1998, replacing the then existing enforcement mechanisms, which included the European Commission of Human Rights created in 1954 and the European Court of Human Rights, which had been created in 1959. Now, Applications against Contracting Parties for human rights violations can be brought before the European Court of human rights by other states, other parties or individuals.


The new format of the European Court of human rights was the result of the ratification of Protocol 11, an amendment to the European Convention on Human Rights that was ratified in November 1998. The new full-time judges of European Court of human rights were subsequently elected by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.

By the time Protocol No. 11 entered into force on 1 November 1998 establishing a full-time European Court of human rights and opening up direct access for one billion Europeans and human from non-party states, the European Court of human rights had delivered about 1000 judgments. By the end of 2008 , European Court of human rights had delivered more than 6000 judgments.

All member states of the Council of Europe are required to sign and ratify the European Convention on Human Rights. The European Court of human rights consists of a number of judges equal to the number of Contracting Parties, which currently stand at 47. Each judge is elected in respect of a Contracting Party by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. The European Court of human rights is divided into five "Sections", each of which consists of a geographic and gender-balanced selection of justices.

Due to the increase in awareness of European citizens of their rights under the European Court of human rights, the work load of European Court of human rights  has increased beyond its capacity and court has  significant backlog.

 This resulted in an amendment to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, Protocol 14. This new protocol of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights, which requires universal ratification by all Council of Europe member states to come into force, makes a number of changes:

The Court of Justice of 
European union is separate from the European Court of Human Rights. Since 1950, it has supervised compliance with the European Convention on Human Rights and thus functions as the highest European court for human rights and fundamental freedoms. All European members are members of the Council of Europe and have signed the Convention on Human Rights.

The building of the European Court of Human Rights is located in the European Quarter of Strasbourg, France
Although founded in 1950, the European Court of Human Rights did not actually come into existence until 1959. European Court of Human Rights gained its present form as a single European Court of Human Rights ...

T
he European Court of Human Rights,  rules on cases in which applicants feel they cannot receive adequate legal redress in their state court system

Now ,
the European Court of Human Rights is an international judicial body established under European Convention on Human Rights.
The European Court of Human Rights has handed down  significant judgments including that France is in breach of right to a fair trial....

 

European court of Human Rights.
European Court of Human Rights is established under European Convention on Human Rights

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