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  Organization system of American states -Human rights.
Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS) - System of the American Convention on Human Rights

 

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Organization system of American states -Human rights..
Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS) - System of the American Convention on Human Rights       
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   Inter - American  Human Rights  law system - has two  systems. This charter of the Organization  of American states (OAS) and the  system of inter American convention on human rights. The charter based  system  applies to all 35 member states of the Organization  of American states (OAS). The  system of inter American convention on human rights is legally binding only  on the states parties to it. the two system overlap  and interact in a variety of ways. this makes difficult  at times to determine where  charter of the Organization  of American states (OAS)  ends and system of inter American convention on human rights, begins. In some cases , the norms of the both systems apply to different aspects to charter of the Organization  of American states, and system of inter American convention on human rights. as a practical matter the two systems often function as one.  A brief description about these two human rights systems is as follows:

Charter based  system : Organization  of American states (OAS):

Organization  of American states (OAS) is a regional inter governmental organizations , which includes among its 35 members all sovereign states of America. The charter , a multilateral  treaty system, which is the constitution of  , was amended  by the protocol of Buenos Aires ,which was concluded in 1967 . This amended Organization  of American states (OAS) came in force in 1970 and by the protocol of Columbia.  The 1948 charter of Organization  of American states (OAS) made very reference  to the human rights. The 1948 charter of Organization  of American states (OAS)  did not define the fundamental human rights of the individual and did not create any institution to promote their observance. However , 1948 charter of Organization  of American states (OAS)  proclaimed  American declaration  of the rights and duties of human, which was an extensive catalog of human rights. In amending the charter of Organization  of American states (OAS), the protocol of Buenos Aires introduced  some important changes bearing on human rights.  It establishes   Indo - American commission  on human rights  as an Organization  of American states (OAS) organ and prescribed  it should be to  promote the observance of human rights and protection of human rights.

System of inter American convention on human rights:

System of inter American convention on human rights  was opened for signature in 1969 and entered into force in 1978.This System of inter American convention on human rights has been ratified by 25  member states of Organization  of American states (OAS) . The System of inter American convention on human rights guarantees some broad categories of civil and political human rights.  The System of inter American convention on human rights contains federal clauses  over  which it  exercises legislative and judicial jurisdiction.

The convention system provides  for the establishment of the inter American court of human rights. The member of the commission are elected by all members of Organization  of American states (OAS) . but only the  states parties to the convention have the right to nominate and vote in the election of the judges of the court.

 Since the commission  is both convention system and Organization  of American states (OAS0, it is logical to give all  member states of Organization  of American states (OAS), weather or not they have have ratified the  convention in the selection of commissioners.

Organization system of American states -Human rights.
Charter of the Organization of American States (OAS) - System of the American Convention on Human Rights


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