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The government of India to create new biometric identity cards issued to its 1.2 billion people and be called Aaadhar. This identity cards is to address concerns about security issues like the fight against terrorism. This project is to open the jobs amounting $ 3 billion for major IT companies . The e-governance is the largest database of biometric identity  cards for identification, which has never been done anywhere in the world and involve many challenges .


 
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The government of India to create new biometric identity cards issued to its 1.2 billion people and be called Aaadhar. This identity cards is to address concerns about security issues like the fight against terrorism. This project is to open the jobs amounting $ 3 billion for major IT companies . The e-governance is the largest database of biometric identity  cards for identification, which has never been done anywhere in the world and involve many challenges

What  is this project for biometric identity cards for the largest 1.2 billion people in India and its purpose?
Aaadhar intend to become the biometric identity cards number of the most advanced in the world. The issue of identity cards, biometric identification is 16 digits with biometric database, fingerprint, iris, personal information, a chip for easy scanning, and more. The
Biometric Identity Cards process must be completed by the year 2011. The scheme is managed by a new government agency called the Unique Identification Authority of India. It should cost more than $ 3 billion, but as with all government projects, will probably be much more expensive and technology.

Aaadhar, the proposed biometric identity cards is to create a platform that will collect information on the identity of each resident of India and later to authenticate the identity. Biometric identity cards are intended to be used by the government for the leaks on tax issues, safety, welfare, health services and subsidies, etc. It is intended to be used by commercial service providers to identify mobile connections, driving license cards, bank accounts cards, operating accounts, stocks, property registration and identity cards business, rationing cards, etc. Biometric identity cards aims to reduce or eliminate duplicate identities for the effective delivery . Today, the use of evidence of people in several Indian identity, including ration cards,  identity cards number of voters, the  identity cards number of driver's license, passport number or  identity cards number mobile, etc. This largest- Biometric identity card will be more than the social security number in the United States.

The identification of biometric identity cards also communicate details of births, deaths, marriages, passport numbers, bank data, and data of ration cards from 1.2 billion people of India. Biometric identity cards would be issued to citizens in the form of smart cards and carry personal identification information and the biometric and photo of the citizen. Biometric identity cards is to help identify the target population for government programs like the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan, National Rural Health Mission and Bharat Nirman. The other objective is to address concerns about security issues like the fight against terrorism.  Certificates of education from compulsory primary education to higher study  for 1.2 billion people of India, shall bear Biometric identity cards number and this will become basis to subsidy, if any.

What are the main challenges for identity cards, biometric identification for the largest of 1.2 billion people?
Biometric identity cards is difficult to go through countless challenges of information technology in creating the largest biometric database to date. There will be a thousand challenges to the computing community as it will be the largest biometric database, which has never been done. The fundamental difference is that the technologies used in similar projects such as e-governance in some developed countries are facing a much smaller population than India. In other countries, the size of the population requires a database of tens of millions. The actual acceptance rate of 99% is reported in the test performance of a system. The challenges are on the precision measurement possible because fingerprints and database size reduced from 50 million to 1 billion has not been sufficiently analyzed. Second, the quality of fingerprints, the most important variable in determining the details have not been studied in depth in the Indian context. The importance of information to ensure consistency, quality images and interoperability between devices reliable biometric capture biometric capture software and services. The challenges of information technology are the elimination of double identity during the registration procedure itself. The main method used to detect the duplicates will be compared to all biometric characteristics, which requires high quality images and consistent.

Biometric identity cards will be captured for authentication by departments and agencies that provide commercial services. They are generally collection devices and software provider different biometric devices and software used by Aaadhar. Therefore, it is necessary to integrate these biometric standards to ensure reliable interoperability at a reasonable cost during the authentication phase which Aaadhar achieve its goal.

The challenges of information are used to collect fingerprints and analyze quality. Some categories have been made. Also, there is enough evidence to suggest that the fingerprint data of rural India can be as good as others when appropriate operating procedures are followed and high-quality devices are used. There are also data suggest that the quality decreases, if sufficient attention is not given to business processes. The challenges of the information is to improve the process or to identify and remove duplicates on the use of demographic data and biometric data. For example, when a double is suspect, there would be a manual review of all available information on the person, and a review of relevant demographic data. Face, fingerprint and iris recognition are commonly used in various types of identity cards and challenges of information implies that public acceptance for these biometric identifiers is widespread. The challenges of information are biometric software that must be given to local information. Listening software can generate additional errors
 

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Gaurav Virk, the author has a strong motivation to information challenges  and publish research on  rights education worldwide info.  His profession is an expert in information challenges . He is currently a final year student in Master of computer applications (MCA) at reputed Punjab University and Post-Graduate Diploma in Human Rights from Institute Of Human Rights, India . Here Is Providing research info   rights worldwide in schools, universities, telephones, Hotel and Tourism Country wise ...

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