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Super human rights activist in Iran is a woman - Shirin Ebadi who points a serious breach of human rights in Iran.

 

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Article Category: Human rights activist ir Iran Uk org
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April 20, 2010, Shirin Ebadi, human rights activist has issued an open letter to many sites in Iran, in Persian. It is addressed to the UN and all those who claim to advocate for human rights worldwide. She has pointed alarming position of violation of human rights in Iran Law and in practice.

The Islamic Republic of Iran is a signatory to international covenants on civil and political rights, economic, social and cultural rights and the rights of the child. Unfortunately, the administration of Iran shold comply with its obligations in law or practice to protect the human rights of its people.
 


 

 
Article body : 

 Super human rights activist in Iran is a woman - Shirin Ebadi who points a serious breach of human rights in Iran. Shirin Ebadi is an Iranian lawyer, a former judge and founder of the Centre for the Defense of Human Rights in Iran. In 2003, Shirin Ebadi received the Nobel Peace Prize for her efforts for democracy and human rights (HR) for women rights, HR for children, and refugee rights. Shirin Ebadi is the first Iranian and first Muslim woman to receive the Nobel Peace Prize.


 Shirin Ebadi Right Activist
In 2009, the Peace Prize of this human rights activist was reportedly confiscated by Iran's government, although this was later denied by it. Human rights activist Shirin Ebadi, has lived in exile in the UK since June 2009 because of the increased persecution of Iranian citizens who are critical of the current administration and pointing violation of human rights.

April 20, 2010, Shirin Ebadi, human rights activist has issued an open letter to many sites , in Persian, . It is addressed to the UN and all those who claim to advocate for human rights worldwide. The issue of human rights emphasized by Shirin Ebadi is as follows:

The Islamic Republic of Iran is a signatory to international covenants on civil and political rights, economic, social and cultural rights and the rights of the child. Unfortunately, the administration of Iran does not comply with its obligations in law or practice to protect the human rights of its people, such given below:

1. There is gender-based human rights discrimination in legislation passed in the wake of the Revolution of 1979. For example, the blood money for a woman is half that of a man. The testimony of two women equals the testimony of a man. It is not considered violations of human rights in Iran. A man is allowed to have four wives and divorce any of them, without giving reasons. It is not considered violation of human rights in Iran.

2. Iran based on religion is also the abuse of human rights. According to the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the official religion is Shi'a branch of Islam. Other Islamic sects, as well as Zoroastrianism, Christianity and Judaism are officially recognized religions. But the law does not give the rights to followers of other religions, such as the Baha'i faith, who also live in Iran, as well as people who have no particular belief or not subscribe to particular moral or divine codes. These groups and religions are deprived of civil, political, social and cultural rights. In fact, since the Revolution, members of the Baha'i faith were even prevented from studying at universities.

Unfortunately, there are also obvious differences between the treatment of Muslims and followers of other religions officially recognized. For example, on the basis of Iran's Penal Code, the penalty for the same offense depends on whether the perpetrator is a Muslim or non-Muslims. Based on Iran's right, if an unmarried man and woman in adultery, they receive a hundred lashes each. But if the woman is Muslim and non-Muslim man, say a Christian man would be sentenced to execution, while the woman gets one hundred lashes. Or if a Muslim deliberately murders a non-Muslim, say a Jew, and fails to obtain a pardon from the victim's parents, will be sentenced to a maximum of 10 years in prison. However, if a Muslim murder non-Muslims and fails to obtain a pardon from the victim's parents, he is condemned to death.

3. The penalties such as stoning, amputation, flogging and crucifixion are allowed under law, and this is breach of human
 rights in the laws of Iran, unfortunately, been applied on numerous occasions.

4. The age of criminal responsibility in Iran is very low, it is nine for girls and 15 boys. Consequently, there have been many cases where death sentences were issued and carried out against individuals for crimes they committed when they were less than 18 years.

5. The law requires that all books be licensed by government publication. In recent years many books have remained unpublished since the authors failed to obtain the required permits. It is also press censorship. For example, the press law does not allow criticism of the constitution and the closure of a publication that ignores this code. It is violation of human rights.

6. The right to participate in the administration of the national government by elected representatives is a fundamental principle of human rights. Based on Iranian laws, however, people are not allowed to vote for parliamentary and presidential candidate until the candidates have been reviewed and approved by the Guardian Council.
Disqualification of candidates in general elections is very questionable. It is nor considered violation of human rights in Iran. An instance of which was in June 2009 presidential elections in Iran, where more than 300 registered candidates, but only four were approved, one of whom was the incumbent.

The above cases of human rights violation represent only a fraction of legislation introduced in Iran after the Revolution. To cite all violations of human rights in Iranian law would take an entire book.

Besides the above laws, there have been many cases where government officials have also committed violations of human rights under the laws formulated and approved by the government. And, unfortunately, such violations have intensified in recent years many and life loss.

Recently, on the human rights situation in Iran, the third country-specific resolution of UN was approved by a vote of 80 in favor to 44 against, with 57 abstentions, after a procedural motion to adjourn debate — known as a “no-action motion” — was rejected. It would have the General Assembly express “deep concern at serious ongoing and recurring human rights violations”.

On 19 November 2010 – Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon discussed a range of human rights issues with the head of Iran’s High Council for Human Rights,  at United Nations Headquarters. They exchanged views on specific human rights issues in Iran, as well as the operation of the country’s domestic human rights mechanisms, according to information provided by UN news.

Among the other issues discussed by the two men were intergovernmental processes dealing with human rights in Iran, such as the recent Human Rights Council Universal Periodic Review. The Universal Periodic Review is a process which involves a review by the Geneva-based Council of the records of all 192 UN Member States once every four years

The Islamic Republic of Iran is a signatory to international conventions on civil and political rights, economic, social and cultural rights of the child. Thus, it needs to modify its legislation which violates human rights accepted by it and embodied in the Declaration of Human Rights and it is also pointed by Shirin Ebadi, human rights activist
 
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